Do Video Games Need A Woman's Touch?
Associated PressThe video game industry might mitigate sex and violence themes if it had more women programmers like Tammy Yap.
Tara Teich enjoys nothing more than slipping into the role of a female video game character. But the 26-year-old software programmer gets annoyed by the appearance of such digital alter egos as the busty tomb raider Lara Croft or the belly-baring Wu the Lotus Blossom of "Jade Empire."
Don't even get her started on the thong-bikini babes that the male gunmen win as prizes in "Grand Theft Auto," which was sent to stores with hidden sex scenes left embedded on the discs by programmers.
Rockstar Games belatedly took responsibility for the scenes last month after the industry's ratings board re-rated the game "Adults Only."
"I wish they were wearing more clothes," says Teich, a lifelong game enthusiast who now helps create games at Mad Doc Software in Lawrence, Mass. Why, she asks, must women in video games always look like Las Vegas show girls?
Tammy Yap, a game programmer for six years, once asked that of a colleague - after all, the skimpy clothing and exaggerated body parts might offend some women, she told him. His response: "What difference does it make? Women don't play video games."
The data on who plays games are actually quite consistent - men account for 70 percent of the players of games written for consoles (such as Xbox and PlayStation2), says Schelley Olhava, an analyst with the research group IDC. "Those numbers have changed little in the past seven years," she says.
Women could be a rich area for growth - if the $10 billion video game industry figures out what games they want. But their point of view often goes unheard.
"There's no question that we need more diversity," says Jason Della Rocca, executive director of the International Game Developers Association. "We're saying that we need to grow the business and broaden the audience and yet the game creators are still mostly young white males."
It's not just about good intentions.
The decision by the Entertainment Software Rating Board to require an "Adults Only" rating for "Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas" could cost Take-Two Interactive Software, Rockstar's parent company, more than $50 million this quarter alone, Take-Two said.
Controversy over the amount of sex and violence in video games has raged for years. With games rated "M" for mature proving to be reliable top sellers, the industry has become synonymous with blood-spattered shootouts and voluptuous vixens. With such a reputation, it isn't easy to attract female job candidates, insiders say.
While Olhava says 10 percent of all software engineers in the technology industry are women, that figure is just 4 percent in the video game field, according to Della Rocca.
"I've never worked with another woman programmer," says Yap, 28, who has been at three companies in six years. She likes her male co-workers at Midway Home Entertainment in San Diego, but "sometimes it gets lonely."
Video game companies may remain a man's world for years to come.
In May, the University of Derby in Great Britain launched a game-programming course with financial backing from Microsoft Corp.
All 106 applicants were male. And at the University of Southern California's school of engineering, it's not unusual to see classes in video game programming without a single female student, says Anthony Borquez, director of education for USC's Integrated Media Systems Center.
Teich and Yap say the industry doesn't have to be so male-oriented. They cite the success of "The Sims," a decidedly nonviolent role-playing game, as proof that tapping into the women's market means big bucks.
Redwood City, Calif.-based Electronic Arts Inc. has sold more than 54 million units of the Sims, generating more than $1 billion in sales since it launched in 2000. It's the best-selling PC game of all time, and about 55 percent of the buyers were women, says EA spokeswoman Tammy Schachter.